Signs of cocaine abuse include:
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), short for National Institute on Drug Abuse, has reported that over 14% of Americans have used Cocaine at least once in their life. Cocaine effects the brain by flooding it with dopamine with brings the known pleasure to the person, encouraging them to use more while raising their heart rate along with their blood pressure. The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) has reported that 40.3% of emergency visits are because of Cocaine abuse. According to NIDA there has been a 29% increase in Cocaine overdose from 2001 to 2013. Therefore, some of the signs that a person has been abused by cocaine are:
- Change in physical feature; Dilated pupils, Runny nose, Weight loss, Nosebleeds.
- Change in behavior; Mood swings, Social isolation, Risky behaviors, Boost in confidence, Talkative habits.
There are two types of cocaine thar people use; Cocaine powder that is injected, snorted and or smoked; and a rock called crack cocaine that is mostly smoked. Smoking cocaine is the fastest and most common ways of using cocaine. Usually, Cocaine is mixed with other substances; based on TEDS or Treatment Data Episode Set reports that 7% of all Cocaine abuse shows that cocaine is used as a secondary substance. Poly-drug abuse or mixed drugs has additional physical and psychological effects. For example, the mixture of heroine and cocaine is called “speedball”; heroine causes stress and anxiety and cocaine causes high energy which is in conflict with heroine; this can cause blurred vision, bad appetite and lack of sleep. When mixed drugs are used on a highly dose, the person overdoses. Overdose increases the toxins in the bloodstream which causes nausea, vomiting, tremors, seizures, elevated heart rate, chest pain, and a rise in blood pressure and body temperature which can result heart stroke or heart attack. cocaine abusers may take higher doses at once, which can lead to hostility, anger, irritability, and even violent outbursts. Paranoia, anxiety, anger, and hallucinations may be signs of cocaine abuse in someone who has been using for a long period of time.
When Cocaine Abuse Turns into Addiction
According to “Psychology Today” Cocaine effects the user in no time but the pleasure and high is short-lived. After coming down from the high, there is a crash period which causes increase in sleeping and appetite. Regular use of cocaine can cause someone to become tolerant to the drug, and higher doses must be taken in order to continue to feel the effects that are desired, but the user slowly loses control. When people are addicted to cocaine, they may feel that they need the drug in order to feel any sort of balance which creates the addiction. Withdrawal symptoms may include drowsiness and fatigue, increased appetite, depression, irritability, mood swings, nightmares, and drug cravings. Cocaine may not have the same physical withdrawal symptoms as other drugs; however, the emotional toll can be just as difficult to manage without help. In 2013, the National Survey for Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that 1.5 million Americans were considered current users of cocaine; The physical and emotional side effects of cocaine abuse and addiction can generally be reversed with proper care and support.
Cocaine Addiction Treatment Methods
Seeking professional help is one of the most important ways to stop cocaine addiction. You can start your process of finding professional help through your family physician or through a rehab center. Holding an intervention for people who are having trouble accepting or realizing their addiction to cocaine is one of the ways to encourage people to seek help.
Treatment at Kelburn facilities is customized to people’s needs. The staff working in these facilities put together team work to make sure the client is taken care of and recovers as soon as possible. Many of these facilities also offer specialized treatment tracks that target specific populations, such as veterans or LGBTQ+ individuals. They may also provide co-occurring disorder treatment for those individuals who struggle with addiction plus another mental health disorder, such as depression. All Kelburn Recovery Centre programs incorporate aftercare planning.
It is important to know who your alcoholic problem affects your children so as an alcoholic or the child of an alcoholic, you should ask for help because you are supported.